Cost of EV Charging Stations: Different Types of Analysis

Cost of EV Charging Stations: Different Types of Analysis

1 3 月, 2024

Recognizing the costs of creating EV charging infrastructure for businesses and for the community is vital. Nonetheless, in order to go through all the cost studies would be overwhelming. The beginning setup expenses, as well as the lengthy operational expenses, must be considered at each stage.

Fear not! In this guide, we will break down cost analysis for different EV charging stations. As a result, by the end, you will be able to base your decisions on facts and create the foundation for sustainable transportation.

What are the types of electric vehicle charging stations

types of electric vehicle charging

Let’s take a deeper look at the three types of charging stations: Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 charging stations:

Level 1 Charging

Level 1 charging stations are the most common and less energetic. Nevertheless, they are the widely used charging point for EV owners. They are compatible with and run on ordinary household outlets, commonly referred to as type 120 volts. In this context, you should just plug your EV into the power outlet of a Level 1 charger. 

You can also refer to it as a portable charger. This makes charging extremely easy and independent. Please note that the Level 1 charging poses a slower charge time problem. It gives an average charging efficiency of about 2 to 5 miles per hour of charging. Because of its portability and compaction, you can use it at home for overnight charging purposes. It is not that effective for quick top-ups during the day.

Sr. No.FeatureLevel 1Level 2Level 3 (DC Fast Charging)
1Power Source120-volt household outlet240-volt outletHigh-voltage DC power
2Charging SpeedSlowest (2-5 miles/hour)Faster (25-50 miles/hour)Fastest (up to 100 miles in 30 minutes)
3Charging Time (Full Battery)Up to 24 hours3-8 hoursLess than 1 hour
4ConvenienceMost convenient (home)Common in public placesLess common, specific locations
5CostOften free or low-costMay have charging feesTypically, higher fees per kWh
6Connector TypeJ1772 (common)J1772 (common)Varies (CHAdeMO, Tesla Supercharger)
7Ideal Use CaseOvernight charging at homePublic charging, topping upLong trips, quick charging on the go

Level 2 Charging

Level 2 charging stations are much faster than Level 1. You can use these charging stations at the commercial level as well as the residential level. They are compatible with the port featuring an outlet power of 240 Volts.

The voltage is ramped up markedly, by which the charge time is significantly reduced to approximately 10 to 60 miles of range per hour. It depends on the charger model that the EV owner chooses. This type of charge is usually used at shopping malls, offices, parking lots, etc. 

Level 3 Charging (DC Fast Charging)

Level 3 charging, or quicker charging, is the superior stage of EV charging technology. These super-charging stations can deliver DC, which bypasses conversion as in Level 1 or Level 2 chargers. This way you can result in the delivery of higher power to the EV battery. Level 3 chargers are compatible with 480 volts of power output. This charger can charge an EV of approximately five hundred to one thousand miles per range. It also depends on the EV model. 

Hence, Level 3 charging is the better choice for long-distance travel and quick charging. Nevertheless, it is also true that the Level 3 fast charging infrastructure still needs to be more widespread compared to the Level 2 version. You can only access these charging stations along major highways and corridors.

Cost analysis of different EV charging stations

Let’s delve into the cost analysis of three main EV charging station types:

1. Level 1 Charging Stations

Cost: These chargers are the cheapest ones included in the EV deal or the ones you can get for usually less than $100-$200.

Installation: They plug into the standard 120-volt wall outlet input. Therefore, installation is extremely minimal or even nonexistent.

Charging Speed: They are the slow charging kind, facilitating an add-on between 3-5 miles/per hour. Therefore, it is a good option for the next day charging if you are the one with short distances or infrequent trips.

Operational Cost: You can experience a cost similar to the normal electricity consumption.

Sr. No.InformationDetails
1Power Output1.3-1.8 kW (North America)
2Charge Speed3-7 miles (4-11 km) per hour
3Charge Time22-40 hours for a full charge (depending on battery size)
4CompatibilityBattery EVs, as well as Hybrid EVs
5Connectors SupportedJ1772 (Type 1) in North America
6Notes* Level 1 is the slowest charging option and is primarily used for overnight charging at home or as a backup. * It’s not recommended for regular use due to slow charging speed.

2. Level 2 Charging Stations

Cost: Plan on spending 300 dollars to seventeen hundred dollars on a station, with installation costs ranging from $500-$2000 due to difficulty. How deep would the trenching be? The question is whether a person needs new electrical panels. Such and many other factors can directly affect the final price.

Installation: Level 2 charging stations Installation instructs to hire a professional electrician to provide a dedicated 208-240 volt circuit for the car charger. This ensures that the power supply is protected both technically and safely.

Charging Speed: These are much faster than Level 1 chargers that enable charging in 4-8 hours. Hence, it facilitates staying charged up for up to 15-30 miles driven per hour. This type of charging is perfect for daily life at home, gasping with very good potential to be applied in daily driving routines.

Operational Cost: The sum you are going to pay will be the same that the Electricity Provider has set. Some utilities provide different price plans and set off-peak charging rates. Consequently, you can take advantage of these hours to reduce your electricity bills by charging during load times.

Sr. No.InformationDetails
1Power Output6.2 kW – 19.2 kW (most common: 7.6 kW)
2Charge Speed10 – 75 miles per hour (depending on battery size and car’s acceptance rate)
3Charge Time4 – 8 hours for a typical battery (30kWh)
4CompatibilityAll EVs with a J1772 (North America & Japan) or Mennekes (Europe) connector are compatible
5Connectors SupportedJ1772 (North America & Japan) or Mennekes (Europe)

3. DC Fast Charging Stations

DC Fast Charging Stations

Cost: These are not meant for personal ownership because of their high price and technical installation. They are usually at public charging stations where usage fees are different but depend on the provider and location. The feature has a cost ranging from $15000 up to $85,000 or more. 

Installation: Need to have niche equipment and skills, which is not affordable for an individual.

Charging Speed: They are capable of the fastest charging, which is approx. Gives 100 miles range recharge in 30 minutes. This model, for instance, would be great for longer-distance journeys or when you need a small amount of charge, for example, on the go.

Operational Cost: Please note that you need to pay higher operation costs for the Level 3 charger. The cost lies around $0.10 up to $0.70 per kWh. This is much higher than what you pay for the level 3 charger.

Sr. No.InformationDetails
1Power Output50 kW – 350 kW (most common: 120 kW – 175 kW)
2Charge SpeedVaries depending on vehicle and power output. Typically, adds 100-200 miles of range in 20-30 minutes.
3Charge TimeDepends on battery size, vehicle capabilities, and charger power output. It can range from 15 minutes to 1 hour for a full charge.
4CompatibilityNot all EVs are compatible with Level 3 charging. Check your vehicle’s manual or manufacturer website for confirmation.
5Connectors SupportedCCS Combo 1 (common in North America) or CHAdeMO (common in Japan and some other countries). Some stations offer both connector types.

Costs of Charging an EV at Home

Sr. No.FactorDescription
1Electricity CostVaries by location. Make sure to check the per kWh cost.
2EV Battery CapacityCheck the manual of the car to cross-check the total capacity of your EV battery
3EV EfficiencyIt refers to the number of miles you can travel with your car
4Charging NeedsCalculate how many miles you usually drive per month

Finding Out Calculations: kWh needed per month: Separate your average daily driving kilometers by your EV’s efficiency (e.g., 500/1.5-kWh = 333.3).

Monthly Cost: To calculate the total monthly cost in the combination of kWh usage and electricity cost, the kWh level for the month should be multiplied by the electricity cost per kWh (which equals 333.3 kWh x $0.20/kWh = $66.6).

Consider this Example: Assuming you drive 500 miles per month, your EV has an 80 kWh battery, and it gets 2 miles per kWh, here’s the estimated cost:

kWh needed per month: with 5000 miles distance covered using 2 miles/kWh, the EV has consumed 333.3 kWh.

Monthly Cost (assuming electricity cost is $0.20/kWh): 333.3 kWh × 0.20/kWh = 66.6 Dollars


In short, determining the price of EV load points need different evaluations. Through considering such provisions as installation, sustenance and electricy rates, you will be able to take reasonable decisions. In order to find ideas that are most significant it is necessary to compare long-term benefits against short-term costs.

Whether you are a business person, a municipality, or an individual, these aspects enable you to make rational choices. It is more about a sustainable investment and being part of a green future. If you are interested, please consult PIWIN’s website. They provide a variety of charging pile types.