Electric Car Vs Petrol Car: Which One is Better?

Electric Car Vs Petrol Car: Which One is Better?

13 3 月, 2024

After all the different styles, choosing your dream car is a heavy responsibility requiring much research. The availability of electric cars for everyday drivers has made it even more difficult for you to decide on what car to buy.

As more and more vehicle and EV charging manufacturers enter the EV industry, it’s critical to compare EVs to gas-powered vehicles. In addition, the escalating fuel costs have inspired more consumers to convert to electric cars for long-term benefits. In the following article, you will dive deeper into the options of electric and petrol cars to help you make the best choice.

Electric Car Vs Petrol Car – Unveiling Every Single Difference

There are a lot of differences between the Electric car and petrol car. The brief overview of key differences is as follows:

Sr. No.FeatureElectric CarPetrol Car
1Power SourceElectricity stored in batteriesPetrol (gasoline)
2EngineElectric motorInternal combustion engine
3EmissionsNo tailpipe emissions (produces emissions at power plant if electricity isn’t generated from renewable sources)Produces CO2 and other pollutants
4RefuelingPlugged in to charge batteryRefueled with petrol at a gas station
5Refueling TimeHours for a full charge (faster charging options available)Minutes to fill up the tank
6RangeGenerally lower range than petrol carsTypically longer range
7MaintenanceLess maintenance due to fewer moving partsMore regular maintenance is required
8AccelerationOften quicker due to instant torqueIt can be fast, but power builds gradually
9SoundMuch quieter rideEngine noise present
10TransmissionUsually automaticManual or automatic options are available
11Initial CostGenerally more expensive than petrol carsTypically, it is less costly upfront

Environmental Impact

1. Emissions

Electric cars: Electrical cars do not expel any tailpipe emissions. They are purely powered by electricity. Hence, it is important to omit any amount of harmful exhaust, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and harmful fine particles, which are primary air pollutants and atmospheric greenhouse gasses. By driving a non-gas-powered automobile, you become a part of solving pollution and the negative effects of global warming.

Petrol cars: Petrol cars release CO2, CO, NOx, and HCs that impact our health. Among these are emissions leading to air pollution, smog, and the build-up of greenhouse gas concentrations. Thereby compounding the environmental issues and affecting human health. The greenhouse gas generation makes using these vehicles unjustified and potentially dangerous to the environment, weather, and individuals with respiratory ailments.

2. Energy efficiency

Electric cars: Compared to petrol cars, electric vehicles are most energy-efficient. This process aids in transferring a higher portion of the energy stored in the batteries into vehicle mechanic power. Hence, the wastage of energy is greatly reduced. Electric motors, being more efficient by nature, match this with a higher energy efficiency rating and lower energy costs per mile traveled.

Petrol cars: On average, petrol cars have lower energy efficiency than electric vehicles. Yet, internal combustion engines that run on petrol convert a small fraction of the fuel’s energy into useful work, discarding a large amount of heat and mechanical inefficiencies. Developing new-generation engines and fuel systems brings some benefits to petrol cars. Still, they cannot compete with the overall efficiency and the approach to environmental protection of electric vehicles.

Cost Considerations

1. Initial purchase cost

Electric cars: The main cause of the high prices of electric vehicles compared to petrol vehicles is that these battery technologies and electric drive trains are the most expensive. Indeed, state and government intervention with tax incentives, credits, and rebates will always provide the upfront price of an electric car. In the years to come, once prices of batteries decline and the economy of scale becomes more mature, the price difference between electric and petrol cars is expected to shorten.

Petrol cars: Normally, petrol cars are cheaper than electric vehicles. The low cost of petrol cars is due to the widespread mass production of internal combustion engines and the well-established production methods. However, though petrol cars will tend to cost less at purchase, the subsequent costs, including fuel and service fees, should not be ignored.

2. Operating costs

Electric cars: An electric vehicle can save money on fuel in its lifetime compared to a petrol car. Refilling an electric vehicle rather than petrol ones usually costs less, particularly when the sources are home or public charging stations. Moreover, electric vehicles have fewer moving parts than fuel cars; therefore, maintenance and repair services are not always needed.

In addition, electric vehicles enjoy lower taxes, diminished car insurance rates, and reduction of congestion charges in several regions.

Petrol cars: Petrol-run cars generally have a higher operating cost than electric cars. Petrol prices vary with global oil prices and geopolitical factors that affect the fuel costs of petrol car owners. Moreover, petrol cars need frequent maintenance, such as oil changes, spark plug substitutes, and emissions inspections, which can eventually accumulate more costs over time.

The fuel consumption and maintenance requirements further contribute to the total operating expenses, making petrol cars more expensive to buy and maintain in the long term than electric vehicles.

Performance and Range

1. Acceleration and Speed

Electric Cars: Instant torque delivery is a characteristic shared by electric vehicles, which enables a car to start fast from a standstill. The instantaneous power of their electric motors through their smooth and swift acceleration gives you an easier driving experience than the gasoline car. Moreover, electric cars are considered the exemplary feature that results in constant power available across various vehicle speeds with high acceleration. Some highly-performing electric ones may even accelerate faster than some petrol-powered models.

Petrol Cars: Traditionally, cars that are powered by gasoline have their internal combustion engines which convert chemical energy into mechanical work. The strong reaction of some petrol-powered car engines to acceleration is usually quite extreme, especially in sports cars in which the engine needs to be revved up to higher RPMs to achieve power density.

This can bring about a smoother acceleration curve compared to electric cars. Nevertheless, petrol engines usually have higher maximum speeds than electric vehicles, thus being the choice in high-speed incidents.

2. Range

Electric Cars: The range is one of the vital parameters that EV owners consider and has vastly been enhanced by battery technology over the last few years. Modern electric cars can cover distances within 100 miles for smaller city-oriented models and more than 300 miles for premium electric cars. Conditions such as the location of charging stations, driving habits, weather conditions and vehicle weight will determine the range of electric cars. Still, the progress of battery technology will keep extending the reach of electric vehicles.

Petrol Cars: Petrol cars with conventional drive trains have a range advantage for many kilometers due to the huge number of fuel stations and the high energy density of gasoline. The average petrol car enjoys an autonomy of several hundred miles on a full tank. However, petrol cars are known to have a better range than electric cars. Still, they are also subject to variations in fuel efficiency when driving in certain conditions, such as terrain, vehicle size, and engine type.

Infrastructure and Convenience

1. Charging Infrastructure

Electric Cars: The fast-growing charging infrastructure for electric vehicles worldwide includes numerous private stations. Besides, home charging has become the most popular choice among EV owners since recharging is more convenient – just charge your car overnight. Public charging networks keep growing, and they offer different charging speeds, from fast-charging stations to recharge half the battery of an electric car in less than an hour.

Charging Infrastructure

Petrol Cars: Petrol-powered cars have a widely spread extended system of petrol fuelling stations, making refueling easy and available in most regions. Petrol stations are practically everywhere, from major cities to the most remote rural areas; thus, petrol car owners do not need to worry about refueling wherever they may go. The factor of petrol station accessibility is a key advantage that petrol cars have, particularly in long-distance drives where fuel is vital.

1. Recharging/Refueling Time

EV (Electric Vehicles): The time you need to recharge an electric car can change according to the battery size and charging technology. While the standard charging methods might take several hours to fully recharge the EVs. The rapid chargers can drastically reduce charging times and make it possible to drive considerable distances even in minutes. 

The fast-charging development has caused the recharging time of electric cars to be shortened; thus, their viability has increased.

Gasoline Cars: The service stations limit the operation period of petrol refueling so that drivers can get their tanks filled quickly and continue with their travel for the shortest time necessary. This speedy refill feature is rather useful for petrol cars, particularly for drivers who prioritize convenience and efficiency when driving.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, consider your individual needs and wants and compare them between electric cars and petrol cars. An electric car is the best choice for you if you are looking for sustainability, lowering the total expenses, and also minimizing the emissions. There are two sides to the coin: e.g. the first advantage is the ease of parking, longer driving range and refilling of petrol vehicles.

Besides, think about such aspects as charging availability, daily commute frequency, and budget. Finally, make sure that the chosen car fits with your values and your lifestyle as well. Furthermore, you need to consider the advantages and disadvantages of different types of vehicles, try them out, and buy the vehicle that fits you and your expectations.

Related reading: EV charger price