What is EV charging infrastructure?

What is EV charging infrastructure?

29 12 月, 2023

As the world is advancing at a rapid pace, the rise in adoption of EVs (Electric Vehicles) is a matter of pressing concern. This is a key to contributing to a sustainable environment and transportation. Such a massive rise in the number of EVs on the roads demands an extensive and optimum range of charging infrastructure.

The lower number of charging stations can contribute to hurdles in further raising the EV adoption rate. This is because they contribute to range anxiety and inconvenience to the EV owners in EV charging. Without charging, EV owners cannot drive their EVs.

This is because EV charging infrastructure is the only source that ensures efficient refueling of EV batteries. Want to uncover more about EV charging infrastructure, key components, most extensive EV infrastructure, etc? Stick to this quick guide and find out for yourself!

We also have a related article on how to buy the right DC charging station click here to read it.

What is EV charging infrastructure?

You can define EV charging infrastructure as a network facility or compilation of technologies. They play a crucial role in replenishing the charging of EV batteries through electric supply. The EV charging infrastructure comprises multiple charging station types catering to diverse charging requirements. Anyone can access and charge their EVs just like petrol vehicles refill petrol at various gas stations. 

ev charging station

Key Components That Makeup EV Charging Infrastructure

Multiple components contribute to the formation of EV charging infrastructure. The key elements in this regard are:

Charger Types

The charging infrastructure comprises multiple charging stations. These charging stations include the level 1 charger, level 2 charger, and level 3 charger. Each charger has a different output power and charging speed. Get insights in the table below on each charger and the capabilities you can harness on the EV charging infrastructure.

Sr. No.LevelVoltageCurrentPowerCharging TimeTypical Use CasesCost (USD)
1Level 1120V12 up to 16A1.44 up to 1.92 kW8 up to 12 hours (full charge)Overnight charging at home300  up to 1000
2Level 2240V16 up to 40A3.84 up to 9.6 kW2  up to 4 hours (full charge)Public charging at workplaces, malls, etc.500  up to 3000
3Level 3400V DC (fast charging)Up to 500A50 up to 350 kW15 up to 30 minutes (80% charge)Highway charging stations, dedicated fast charging stations15000  up to 75000

Grid Connection

The EV charging infrastructure receives the power of charging an EV from the nearby grid. Connection to the nearby grid is essential to cater to or cope with the charger power requirement. 

Power Management System

The power management system plays a critical role in the effective functioning of the Charging infrastructure. Power management systems ensure energy optimization, effective power distribution, and grid stability. You can also set up this system for wind or solar energy systems.

Network of Communication

The primary role of the communication network in the EV charging infrastructure is to assist in data exchange. With this system, you can remotely manage different EV charging structures. It also aids in the real-time monitoring of the EV charging station.

Software and Apps

The software and apps allow you to keep an eye on your vehicle’s charging status. With the apps and software, you can control the power transfer, check if the charger is available, carry out efficient charging, etc.

Besides this, you can carry out the payment transfer against the charge you have made. EV charging infrastructure owners can collect and analyze the data using this software to enhance or improve the charger’s functioning. 

Other Components

The other small components without which you cannot operate the EV charging infrastructure include cables, RFID tags, connectors, etc. Lines ensure the supply of electricity from one point to another. The connector helps connect the cable to the vehicle as well as top the charging station if needed. RFID tags ensure easy payment transfer.

If you want to avoid connecting the EV charging infrastructure to the nearby grid. Then, you can also connect the EV charging infrastructure to renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power. You may need to set up solar panels, circuit breakers, and other protection devices for this.

The two-way communication system is also a non-essential component. This allows you to transfer extra energy from the EV back to the grid. It is an excellent option to promote the sustainability of the environment. 

Who has the most extensive EV charging infrastructure?

The answer to this question depends on several factors. These factors include who is largest in EV charging infrastructure in terms of:

  • Total number of chargers
  • Network coverage (Globally)
  • Network Coverage (Regionally)
  • High-Speed Charging
  • Chargers Density

Regarding the total number of chargers, the ChargePoint is the clear winner. It has level 2 and level 3 chargers in more than 31000 locations. 

For network coverage on a global scale then, ChargePoint is also the winner. It has over 170,000 charging points globally in over 72 countries.

The EVgo in the US and BP Pulse in the UK are the leaders for regional-scale network coverage. They have extensive range in specific regions.

Tesla is the winner or leader in catering to high-speed charging stations. They have over 3400+ supercharger stations around the globe. You can enjoy custom charging speed at these stations. 

In terms of charging density, the South Korea is the winner. South Korea features a thickness of 563 stations per EV.   

Sr. No.MetricLeaderDetails
1Total Number of Chargers (Level 2 & 3)ChargePoint31,000 locations, 56,000 ports (mostly Level 2)
2Network Coverage (Global)ChargePointOver 170,000 charging points across 72 countries
3Network Coverage (Regional)bp pulse (UK), EVgo (US)Extensive coverage within respective regions (UK/US)
4High-Speed DC Fast Charging NetworkTesla Supercharger Network3,400+ Supercharger stations, 31,000+ charging ports, high charging speeds
5Charging Density (Stations per Electric Car)South Korea563 stations per electric car (as of 2022)

What is the trend in EV charging infrastructure?

The following trends are emerging in the EV charging infrastructure sector:

  • The total number of EV charging infrastructure is skyrocketing on a global scale. As of 2023, more than 2.7 million charging points exist. In the year 2022, more than 900K stations will be deployed. This figure represents an increase of 55 percent from what happened in 2021.
  • Due to the awareness among the people in a short time. The EV charging infrastructure owners deploy more DC fast chargers than level 1 or 2. Apart from this, the focus on wireless charging with incredible flexibility and convenience is rising.
  • Upgradation of the grids and switching on innovative charge technologies are gaining attention. Such grids ensure optimum energy flow and zero strain on the grid or charger in peak power demands. 
  • The widespread use of two-way communication technology is rising. Using this technology, more vehicles can divert power back to grids. This promotes better energy resilience. There is no doubt that this technology further grow in the future. 
  • Many EV charging infrastructures focus on diverting to renewable energy sources and eliminating the grid connection. This will not only help them boost their revenue and contribute positively to the environment. This way, people can play their part in preserving the environment for future generations. 
  • There is a continuous rise in the rates of EV adoption for each passing year. More and More EV charging infrastructures pay attention to the improvement in their apps and software. The main goal of this is to minimize frustration and cater to intuitive experience. 

So above mentioned are the trends which are rising or taking up further rise shortly. 

What are the risks of EV charging infrastructure?

There are certain risks associated with the development of the EV charging infrastructure. Some of the key risks are:

1. Concerning Safety

  • There is a fire hazard associated with the lithium-ion batteries. So improper installation, equipment faults, and battery damage can result in fire.
  • High power transfer can lead you to face electric shocks if the cables are damaged. Or if you are misusing the charge.
  • The outdoor stations are highly vulnerable to damage against floods, lightning, higher temperatures, etc. 
  • For EV charging, infrastructures in remote or isolated areas are prone to vandalism. You can face a financial loss this way. 

2. Concerning Technicality

  • You can experience a hack if no encryption is employed. This is because the charger software/apps operate on the internet and are vulnerable to cyber-attacks.
  • Not following up on standards may lead you to cater to compatibility improperly. This way, you cannot encourage charging of a diverse range of vehicles. 
  • Larger EV charging infrastructures require extensive demand from grids and require critical and effective management.

3. Concerning Economy

  • You can face a higher build-up, installation, and maintenance cost of the EV charging infrastructure. This delays the widespread adoption of EVs and EV charger usage.
  • When no proper number of EV charging infrastructure exists in an area. This will lead you to face uneven distribution. 
  • There are certain uncertainties associated with this business model. This is because the EV and EV charging technology is still evolving. 


The development of electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure and innovative technologies are driving improvements in charging efficiency to accommodate the growing demand for electric vehicles.

PIWIN plays an important role in providing multiple types of chargers and expanding network coverage, while also facing challenges such as cost, safety and technical compatibility. The future development of ev charging infrastructure relies on the joint efforts of brands like PIWIN in technological innovation, policy support and grid upgrades.